Microfracture surgery is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that is used to treat knee conditions such as cartilage damage and osteoarthritis. The procedure involves creating small holes in the bone beneath the damaged area of cartilage, which allows new cartilage to grow and fill in the damaged area.
During the procedure, the surgeon uses a special instrument to create multiple small holes, or microfractures, in the bone beneath the damaged cartilage. This creates a pathway for blood and bone marrow cells to flow into the damaged area, which can stimulate the growth of new cartilage.
Microfracture surgery is often used in younger patients with small to medium-sized areas of cartilage damage. The procedure is typically performed as an outpatient procedure and requires a period of rehabilitation and physical therapy to help the new cartilage grow and fully develop.
While microfracture surgery has shown promise as a treatment for cartilage damage and osteoarthritis, the effectiveness of the treatment can vary depending on the individual patient’s condition, the size and location of the damaged area, and other factors. Some patients may experience significant pain relief and improved function following the procedure, while others may not respond as well to the treatment.
Microfracture surgery is generally considered safe and well-tolerated, with minimal risk of adverse reactions or complications. However, as with any medical procedure, it is important for patients to discuss the risks and benefits of microfracture surgery with their healthcare provider before undergoing the treatment.